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Open in a separate window aWomen may have attended more than one type of class. Women who reported knowing what they wanted for birth before pregnancy mainly attended childbirth classes that supported their desired type of birth. For example, women who opted for a home birth more commonly attended specialty childbirth method classes that supported their choices, such as Bradley or hypnobirthing.
The women found prenatal classes helpful because they provided particular details needed to make choices about birthing onto the chest, cutting the cord, or using erythromycin eye ointment.
For all of the women, including those who were unsure about the type of birth they wanted, the information from childbirth classes gave them an idea of how labor and birth would transpire.
Even women who had already decided what they wanted for birth said that: Childbirth classes really helped out because we got a whole arsenal of things we [could] do during labor. Participant 29 Four women reported that the information provided in classes was inaccurate and even biased.
One woman who was planning a vaginal birth with an epidural, but who was also open to having a CS, was incensed when the childbirth instructor presented information about the risks associated with CS.
The woman reported arguing with the instructor by saying: I corrected [the instructor], and I said, no, you absolutely cannot say that.
She tried to convince me that the more medical interventions [a women has during labor] the higher the risk, and I tried to convince her that the medical professional would not take more risk than necessary. Women who were cared for by physicians reported that the providers were not forthcoming with information about birth choices.
Care Providers Care providers were cited by Women reported getting information either directly from the provider or indirectly via printed materials obtained during prenatal visits. Most of the women were satisfied with the information they received and indicated that they had incorporated it into their birth choices.
However, there were differences in the depth of information given, depending on the type of care provider. Women who were seeing midwives were presented with multiple options for birth and reported that the discussion about the type of birth was ongoing throughout their prenatal visits.
Alternately, women who were cared for by physicians reported that the providers were not forthcoming with information about birth choices. Some women reported having to stop their care provider from leaving at the end of the appointment to get answers to questions they had about care.
Participant 47 Despite this, most women in this study privileged information they received from their physicians, although a few of them reported switching physicians when they realized that the provider would not support their birth choices.
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Written Sources Books were cited by Many of the women who cited childbirth books as an important source of knowledge about birth reported knowing what they wanted for birth prior to pregnancy. Books were generally described as being influential in making decisions about childbirth, but no one could provide a specific example of how material in a book had changed or informed her decision.
Books about childbirth were also found to be biased toward a specific type of birth. Women selected books to read based on recommendations from friends and family. They also purposively chose books supportive of choices they were considering or had decided on.
Choosing books based on recommendations and personal leanings toward particular options explained the bias and one-dimensionality attributed to books: Participant 32 Only Generally, online resources were considered a good place to look for information, although the type of information and what decisions they influenced were not discussed.
The most common use that this group cited for using the Internet was to find a care provider. Our starting assumption was that these factors are fundamental in developing effective preconception and prenatal educational programs designed to counter misperceptions about birth.
This is crucial because many of the misperceptions promote the use of childbirth technologies that may increase the need for CS. We concluded that because the women in our sample were older than the average first-time mother, they were more likely to have been exposed to pregnancy and birth and had more opportunities to formulate opinions for their own births.
Almost half of the women in this study claimed that they had decided on what type of birth they wanted before they were pregnant.Drinking alcohol, especially in the first three months of pregnancy, increases the risk of miscarriage, premature birth and your baby having a low birth weight.
Drinking after the first three months of your pregnancy could affect your baby after they're born. During pregnancy, the fetus is The fluid is then sent to a laboratory for analysis.
Different tests can be performed on a sample of amniotic fluid, depending on the genetic risk and indication. Learn about gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and acid reflux, including reflux-friendly recipes, tips for dining out, treatments, and more.
Mar 26, · I certainly wouldn't encourage anyone to smoke pot (or any regular cigarettes even) to keep off seizures. Smoking, drinking alcohol, or doing drugs can only make things worse in any case. Prenatal testing in Huntington disease: after the test, choices recommence direct PND, during a spontaneous pregnancy, by analysis of fetal DNA obtained by chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis followed Prenatal testing in Huntington disease: after the test, choices recommence.
This article reports the findings from a mixed-methods study on factors that influence women’s decisions about birth, with the view that women’s decision making about birth can affect the use of cesarean surgery. Some of these women continued to refine their choices during pregnancy in response to additional information they encountered.