Colonial period[ edit ] Abolitionists gathered support for their claims from writings by European Enlightenment philosophers such as MontesquieuVoltaire who became convinced the death penalty was cruel and unnecessary  and Bentham. In addition to various philosophers, many members of QuakersMennonites and other peace churches opposed the death penalty as well. After the American Revolutioninfluential and well-known Americans, such as Thomas JeffersonBenjamin Rushand Benjamin Franklin made efforts to reform or abolish the death penalty in the United States.
Ann Hibbins is hanged for witchcraft in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in Throughout American history, different methods of execution have been used. During colonial times, cruel and painful methods like burning or crushing people to death were sometimes used.
Hanging[ change change source ] Until the beginning of the 20th centuryhanging was the most common method of execution in the United States. If the rope and noose were not put in the correct position, a person could be decapitated. If the rope was not long enough, the person could slowly die of strangulation.
Electric chair After Thomas Edison discovered direct current DC electricity inhis company showed how powerful it was by using it to kill animals.
New York built the first electric chair, and first used it to execute a prisoner on August 6, This did not work, and they had to build a gas chamber. On February 8,Jon became the first person to be executed by gas chamber. However, by the mids and s, many people had started to criticize the use of gas chambers.
Lethal injection In the s, Oklahoma passed the first law that allowed executions by lethal injection. It was viewed as less painful, with less sufferingthan the electric chair or gas chamber. The states had been using three medications for lethal injections: However, since the European Union is against the death penalty, they made it illegal to export any product that could be used in an execution.
Before the lethal injection drug shortages, these other methods were rarely used. From to March 23,there were 1, executions: Here are the states whose laws allow them to use other methods, as of January 1, United States of America Annotation: QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE CONSTITUTIONALITY, UTILITY, AND MORALITY OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT ARE ADDRESSED, AND COMMON ARGUMENTS AGAINST THE DEATH PENALTY ARE REFUTED.
Jun 26, · Capital punishment has a long and nearly uninterrupted history in the United States.
Indeed, in the 18th and 19th centuries, the death penalty was used to punish a wide array of crimes, from murder and rape to horse stealing and arson. The movement to abolish capital punishment has an equally long history.
The United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau region definition is "widely used[ ] for data collection and analysis,"  and is the most commonly used classification system.
The use of the death penalty in the United States has increasingly isolated the country from European nations.
Prior to the s, the USA and its Western European counterparts allowed capital punishment in both law and practice. respective death penalty policies in the United States and China. A comparative analysis will reveal two extremely different societies with two different perspectives on proportionality.
one that recognizes and protects fundamental freedoms and another that places emphasis on . Brief the history of the use of Capital punishment in the Unites States prior to The sentence of death has been an accepted form of justice through the ages.
Geography, culture, and the passing of time have varied its form, the offenses for which it has been imposed and its recipients.