Johann Sebastian BachThe term "baroque" is generally used by music historians to describe a broad range of styles from a wide geographic region, mostly in Europe, composed over a period of approximately years. The critic implied that the novelty in this opera was "du barocque", complaining that the music lacked coherent melody, was filled with unremitting dissonances, constantly changed key and meter, and speedily ran through every compositional device. All of these efforts resulted in appreciable disagreement about time boundaries of the period, especially concerning when it began. In English the term acquired currency only in the s, in the writings of Bukofzer and Paul Henry Lang.
He was baptized immediately after his birth at his home by the midwife, which led to a belief that his life was somehow in danger. It is possible that Legrenzi gave the young Antonio his first lessons in composition. One of his symptoms, strettezza di petto "tightness of the chest"has been interpreted as a form of asthma.
Inat the age of fifteen, he began studying to become a priest. Not long after his ordination, inhe was given a dispensation from celebrating Mass because of his ill health.
Vivaldi said Mass as a priest only a few times, and appeared to have withdrawn from liturgical duties, though he formally remained a member of the priesthood. The German architect Johann Friedrich Armand von Uffenbach referred to Vivaldi as "the famous composer and violinist" and said that "Vivaldi played a solo accompaniment excellently, and at the conclusion he added a free fantasy [an improvised cadenza] which absolutely astounded me, for it is hardly possible that anyone has ever played, or ever will play, in such a fashion.
Over the next thirty years he composed most of his major works while working there. They were financed by funds provided by the Republic.
Vivaldi wrote concertos, cantatas and sacred vocal music for them. He had to compose an oratorio or concerto at every feast and teach the orphans both music theory and how to play certain instruments. The board had to take a vote every year on whether to keep a teacher. The vote on Vivaldi was seldom unanimous, and went 7 to 6 against him in He was a musician himself, and Vivaldi probably met him in Venice.
The work seems to have been written in haste: Nevertheless, perhaps in part because of the forced essentiality of the music, the work is considered to be one of his early masterpieces.
Despite his frequent travels fromthe Ospedale paid him 2 sequins to write two concerti a month for the orchestra and to rehearse with them at least five times when in Venice.
Opera impresario[ edit ] First edition of Juditha triumphans  In early 18th-century Venice, opera was the most popular musical entertainment.
It proved most profitable for Vivaldi. Vivaldi started his career as an opera composer as a sideline: The opera contained eleven ariasand was a success. In the late season, Vivaldi planned to put on an opera entirely of his own creation, Arsilda, regina di Ponto RVbut the state censor blocked the performance.
The main character, Arsilda, falls in love with another woman, Lisea, who is pretending to be a man. The most important were two oratorios.
Moyses Deus Pharaonis, RV is now lost. The second, Juditha triumphans RVcelebrates the victory of the Republic of Venice against the Turks and the recapture of the island of Corfu.
Composed init is one of his sacred masterpieces. All eleven singing parts were performed by girls of the orphanage, both the female and male roles. The latter was so popular that it performed two years later, re-edited and retitled Artabano re dei Parti RVnow lost. It was also performed in Prague in In the years that followed, Vivaldi wrote several operas that were performed all over Italy.
Frontispiece of Il teatro alla moda His progressive operatic style caused him some trouble with more conservative musicians such as Benedetto Marcelloa magistrate and amateur musician who wrote a pamphlet denouncing Vivaldi and his operas.
The pamphlet, Il teatro alla modaattacks the composer even as it does not mention him directly. The obscure text under the engraving mentions non-existent places and names: In a letter written by Vivaldi to his patron Marchese Bentivoglio inhe makes reference to his "94 operas". Only around 50 operas by Vivaldi have been discovered, and no other documentation of the remaining operas exists.
Although Vivaldi may have been exaggerating, it is plausible that, in his dual role of composer and impresario, he may have either written or been responsible for the production of as many as 94 operas—given that his career had by then spanned almost 25 years.
Inhe was in Milan, where he presented the pastoral drama La Silvia RV ; nine arias from it survive. InVivaldi returned to Venice, where he produced four operas in the same year. During this period Vivaldi wrote the Four Seasonsfour violin concertos that give musical expression to the seasons of the year.
The inspiration for the concertos was probably the countryside around Mantua. They were a revolution in musical conception:Italian Music.
Italian music traditions reach back into prehistory, and include a wide variety of musical forms, from traditional folk music to classical compositions, opera and rock. AN OVERVIEW OF PERIOD INSTRUMENT CDs () [Compiled by Dr. Roger Peters; last update: 1st November ( kB)] Synopsis This resource provides the enthusiast with an overview of the recorded repertoire of classical music performed with period instruments.
The focus of this resource is the presentation of recordings which provide — with minimal duplication (shown in green) . Find Antonio Vivaldi biography and history on AllMusic - The creator of hundreds of a deeper understanding of his music begins with the realization sometimes lyrical Gloria in D major () has remained a perennial favorite.
His operas were widely performed in his own time. Details regarding Vivaldi's early life are few. His father was. Antonio Lucio Vivaldi () was a Venetian composer in the baroque era..
Vivaldi was born on 4th March in the Republic of Venice, today part of Italy; his father was Giovanni Battista, a baker before becoming a professional violinist, who taught his . An American spy behind the lines during WWII serves as a Nazi propagandist, a role he cannot escape in his future life as he can never reveal his real role in the war.
Composers A-Z. Composers' Rooms. Sara Mohr-Pietsch explores composers' environments and the effect this has on their music.