Criminal Justice Response to Cybercrime I. Introduction Computer crime has been an issue in criminal justice and criminology since the s. In this venue, the types of computer crimes have been categorized in two ways.
The unsolicited sending of bulk email for commercial purposes spam is unlawful in some jurisdictions.
Phishing is mostly propagated via email. Phishing emails may contain links to other websites that are affected by malware. Obscene or offensive content[ edit ] The content of websites and other electronic communications may be distasteful, obscene or offensive for a variety of reasons.
In some instances these communications may be legal. The extent to which these communications are unlawful varies greatly between countries, and even within nations. It is a sensitive area in which the courts can become involved in arbitrating between groups with strong beliefs.
One area of Internet pornography that has been the target of the strongest efforts at curtailment is child pornographywhich is illegal in most jurisdictions in the world. Online harassment[ edit ] Various aspects needed to be considered when understanding harassment online.
The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate. March See also: CyberbullyingOnline predatorCyberstalkingand Internet troll Whereas content may be offensive in a non-specific way, harassment directs obscenities and derogatory comments at specific individuals focusing for example on gender, race, religion, nationality, sexual orientation.
This often occurs in chat rooms, through newsgroups, and by sending hate e-mail to interested parties. Harassment on the internet also includes revenge porn. There are instances where committing a crime using a computer can lead to an enhanced sentence.
For example, in the case of United States v. Neil Scott KramerKramer was served an enhanced sentence according to the U. Although Kramer tried to argue this point, U.
Sentencing Guidelines Manual states that the term computer "means an electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemicallyor other high-speed data processing device performing logical, arithmetic, or storage functions, and includes any data storage facility or communications facility directly related to or operating in conjunction with such device.
MichiganArizonaand Virginia and South Carolina  have also passed laws banning harassment by electronic means. Although freedom of speech is protected by law in most democratic societies in the US this is done by the First Amendmentit does not include all types of speech.
Some drug traffickers use encrypted messaging tools to communicate with drug mules. The dark web site Silk Road was a major online marketplace for drugs before it was shut down by law enforcement then reopened under new management, and then shut down by law enforcement again.
After Silk Road 2. The original motivation of the hackers was to watch Star Trek reruns in Germany; which was something which Newscorp did not have the copyright to allow.
In Februaryan individual going by the alias of MafiaBoy began a series denial-of-service attacks against high-profile websites, including Yahoo!Cyber Crime and Cyber Security: A White Paper for Franchisors, Licensors, and Others Henry Chan and Susan Ogulnick.
Wolters Kluwer Law & Business is a leading provider of premier research products and tools in many legal practice areas, including a comprehensive suite of products The commonly accepted definition of cyber .
Introduction This research paper is an analysis of cyber crime. The threats, attacks and problems it can bring down a company and how it can be mitigated. This sample Cybercrime Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only.
delinquent gangs, or religious sects. Subcultures may take place through the Internet or the cyber environment. Neighborhood Influences on Crime Research Paper. 0. Prosecutorial Misconduct Research Paper. This research paper aims to discuss following aspects of Cybercrimes: the definition, why they occur, laws governing them, methods of committing cybercrimes, who they affect, and cybercrime prevention procedures.
- Cyber Crime is Not Real Crime If a crime doesn't result in actual physical damage or loss, can it be considered a crime.
Or is any act that leaves a victim feeling violated a punishable crime. One way to look at the issue is through the approach that yes, cyber rape and other crimes are punishable. Cybercrime is a global issue plaguing the world.
The dictionary defines cybercrime as “crime conducted via the Internet or some other computer network”(Merriam-Webster). The definition remains very broad because the word “cyber” is defined as “relating to the culture of computers.