Introduction of sanitary napkins

Bag for napkins Through the ages women have used different forms of menstrual protection. Disposable pads had their start with nurses using their wood pulp bandages to absorb their menstrual flow, creating a pad that was made from easily obtainable materials and inexpensive enough to throw away after use.

Introduction of sanitary napkins

Disposable[ edit ] Although producers are generally reluctant to reveal the exact composition of their products, the main materials will usually be bleached rayon cellulose made from wood pulpcotton and plastics.

Introduction of sanitary napkins

In addition, fragrance and antibacterial agents can be included. The plastic parts are the backsheet and polymer powder as an additional powerful absorbent superabsorbent polymers that turns into a gel when moistened. Panty liner — Designed to absorb daily vaginal discharge, light menstrual flow, " spotting ", slight urinary incontinenceor as a backup for tampon or menstrual cup use.

Regular — A middle range absorbency pad. Overnight — A longer pad to allow for more protection while the wearer is lying down, with an absorbency suitable for overnight use.

The shape, absorbency and lengths may vary depending on manufacturer, but usually range from the short slender panty liner to the larger and longer overnight. Long pads are offered for extra protection or for larger people whose undergarments might not be completely protected by regular length pads, and also for overnight use.

Other options are often offered in a manufacturer's line of pads, such as wings or tabs that wrap around the sides of underwear to add additional leak protection and help secure the pad in place. Deodorant is also added to some pads, which is designed to cover menstrual odor with a light fragrance.

Reusable cloth menstrual pad with Kokopelli motif. Cloth menstrual pad Alternatively, some people use a washable or reusable cloth menstrual pad. These are made from a number of types of fabric — most often cotton flannel, or hemp which is highly absorbent and not as bulky as cotton.

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Most styles have wings that secure around the underpants, but some are just held in place without wings between the body and the underpants.

Some particularly the older styles are available in belted styles. Washable menstrual pads do not need to be disposed of after use and therefore offer a more economical alternative. Reusable menstrual pads can be found on a number of websites, or are made at home instructions are available online.

They have become a popular alternative because they are allergen- and perfume-free, and can be more comfortable for people who suffer from irritations from using disposable pads.

Cloth menstrual pads made a comeback around the s, [7] with their popularity increasing in the late 80s and early 90s. Reasons women choose to switch to cloth menstrual pads include comfort, savings over time, environmental impact and health reasons.

There are many styles of cloth menstrual pads available today, ranging from pantyliners to overnight pads. Popular styles of cloth menstrual pads include all-in-one, or AIO pads, in which the absorbent layer is sewn inside the pad, 'inserts on top' style pads, which have absorbent layers that can be secured on top of the pad as needed, envelope or pocket style pads, which have absorbent layers that can be inserted inside the pad as needed, and a foldable style, in which the pad folds around the absorbent layers.

Cloth menstrual pads can have waterproof lining, which provides more leak protection but may also be less breathable. Modern reusable cloth pads in differing sizes Uses[ edit ] Menstrual pads are worn to absorb menstrual discharge and thereby protect clothing and furnishings.

They are usually individually wrapped so they are easier and more discreet to carry in a purse or bag. This wrapper may be used to wrap the soiled pads before disposing of them in appropriate receptacles. Some people prefer to wrap the pads with toilet paper instead of or as well as using the wrapper, which, often being made of slick plastic with a small tape tab, may not adequately stick.

Menstrual pads of any type should not be flushed down the toilet as they can cause blockages. In developed countriespublic toilets almost always include a purpose-made receptacle in which to place soiled pads. In first aid, they make excellent dressings for heavy bleeding due to their high absorbency if gauze is unavailable or inadequate.


However, since menstrual pads are designed to absorb menstrual flow, they are not as effective in absorbing urinary leaks; incontinence pads are designed for this purpose.Jul 31,  · Johnson & Johnson's sanitary napkins were said to be the first commercially available disposable sanitary protection products for women in the United States.

The earliest ones the Company sold were called “Sanitary Napkins for Ladies” and “Lister’s Towels” (introduced in ).Reviews: Sanitary napkin definition is - a disposable absorbent pad used (as during menstruation) to absorb the uterine flow.

a disposable absorbent pad used (as during menstruation) to absorb the uterine flow. SANITARY NAPKIN. TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE I. SUMMARY II. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION & APPLICATION III. MARKET STUDY AND PLANT CAPACITY The major raw materials and auxiliaries required for the production of sanitary napkins and toilet papers are shown in Table below.

All the raw and auxiliary materials are to be imported. Sanitary napkins A sanitary napkin, sanitary towel, sanitary pad, menstrual pad, or pad is an absorbent item worn by women who are menstruating, bleeding after giving birth, recovering from gynecologic surgery, experiencing a miscarriage or abortion, or in any other situation where it is necessary to absorb a flow of blood from the vagina.

It’s so easy to dispose of a sanitary napkin without thinking about it twice. However, they leave behind a nasty environmental trail.

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Sanitary Napkin | Definition of Sanitary Napkin by Merriam-Webster