Sharing resources, knowledge, ownership and wealth creation. While wealth creation may be part of the process, it is not an end in itself.
The First Phase Most products people in the industrialized nations use today are turned out swiftly by the process of mass production, by people and sometimes, robots working on assembly lines using power-driven machines.
People of ancient and medieval times had no such products. They had to spend long, tedious hours of hand labor even on simple objects. The energy, or power, they employed in work came almost wholly from their own and animals' muscles.
The Industrial Revolution is the name given the movement in which machines changed people's way of life as well as their methods of manufacture. About the time of the American Revolution, the people of England began to use machines to make cloth and steam engines to run the machines.
A little later they invented locomotives. Productivity began a spectacular climb. By most Englishmen were laboring in industrial towns and Great Britain had become the workshop of the world.
Changes That Led to the Revolution The most important of the changes that brought about the Industrial Revolution were 1 the invention of machines to do the work of hand tools; 2 the use of steam, and later of other kinds of power, in place of the muscles of human beings and of animals; and 3 the adoption of the factory system.
It is almost impossible to imagine what the world would be like if the effects of the Industrial Revolution were swept away. Electric lights would go out. Automobiles and airplanes would vanish. Telephones, radios, and television would disappear Most of the abundant stocks on the shelves of department stores would be gone.
The children of the poor would have little or no schooling and would work from dawn to dark on the farm or in the home.
Before machines were invented, work by children as well as by adults was needed in order to provide enough food, clothing, and shelter for all. The Industrial Revolution came gradually. It happened in a short span of time, however, when measured against the centuries people had worked entirely by hand.
Until John Kay invented the flying shuttle in and James Hargreaves the spinning jenny 31 years later, the making of yarn and the weaving of cloth had been much the same for thousands of years. By a host of new and faster processes were in use in both manufacture and transportation.
This relatively sudden change in the way people live deserves to be called a revolution. It differs from a political revolution in its greater effects on the lives of people and in not coming to an end, as, for example, did the French Revolution.
Instead, the Industrial Revolution grew more powerful each year as new inventions and manufacturing processes added to the efficiency of machines and increased productivity.
Indeed, since World War I the mechanization of industry has increased so enormously that another revolution in production is taking place Expanding Commerce Affects Industry Commerce and industry have always been closely related. Sometimes one is ahead and sometimes the other, but the one behind is always trying to catch up.The Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the “Technological Revolution,” was a phase of rapid industrialization in the final third of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century.
Apr 05, · The Industrial Revolution is the name given to the enormous changes that took place with technology, farming, mining, manufacturing, and transportation from the middle of the 18 th Century through to the middle of the 19 th heartoftexashop.coms: Explain the factors the contributed to the industrial revolution in Britain -large population of workers -natural resources: 1: water power and coal to fuel the new machines.
New methods of management were devised that stressed central control, planning, and efficient production methods. One of the leading advocates of "scientific management" was Frederick Winslow Taylor. The Second Industrial Revolution marked great progress in the methods of mass production. Advances in agricultural techniques and practices resulted in an increased supply of food and raw materials, changes in industrial organization and new technology resulted in increased production, efficiency and profits, and the increase in commerce, foreign and domestic, were all conditions which promoted the advent of the Industrial Revolution.
Introduction The era known as the Industrial Revolution was a period in which fundamental changes occurred in agriculture, textile and metal manufacture, transportation, economic policies and the social structure in England.