Background[ edit ] The United States' situation was dire due to large debts, territories in the possession of a foreign power, a lack of military, a lack of money, inability to navigate on the Mississippi River, lack of commerce, lack of respect by foreign powers, decrease in value of property, unavailability of credit and lack of authority the government had over the nation.
Alexander Hamilton, Federalist, no. It must in truth be acknowleged that however these may differ in other respects, they in general appear to harmonise in this sentiment at least, that there are material imperfections in our national system, and that something is necessary to be done to rescue us from impending anarchy.
The facts that support this opinion are no longer objects of speculation.
They have forced themselves upon the sensibility of the people at large, and have at length extorted from those, whose mistaken policy has had the principal share in precipitating the extremity, at which we are arrived, a reluctant confession of the reality of those defects in the scheme of our Foederal Government, which have been long pointed out and regretted by the intelligent friends of the Union.
We may indeed with propriety be said to have reached almost the last stage of national humiliation. There is scarcely any thing that can wound the pride, or degrade the character of an independent nation, which we do not experience.
Are there engagements to the performance of which we are held by every tie respectable among men? These are the subjects of constant and unblushing violation.
Do we owe debts to foreigners and to our own citizens contracted in a time of imminent peril, for the preservation of our political existence?
These remain without any proper or satisfactory provision for their discharge. Have we valuable territories and important posts in the possession of a foreign power, which by express stipulations ought long since to have been surrendered? These are still retained, to the prejudice of our interests not less than of our rights.
Are we in a condition to resent, or to repel the aggression? We have neither troops nor treasury nor government. The just imputations on our own faith, in respect to the same treaty, ought first to be removed.
Are we entitled by nature and compact to a free participation in the navigation of the Mississippi? Spain excludes us from it.
Is public credit an indispensable resource in time of public danger? We seem to have abandoned its cause as desperate and irretrievable. Is commerce of importance to national wealth? Ours is at the lowest point of declension. Is respectability in the eyes of foreign powers a safeguard against foreign encroachments?
The imbecility of our Government even forbids them to treat with us: Our ambassadors abroad are the mere pageants of mimic sovereignty. Is a violent and unnatural decrease in the value of land a symptom of national distress?
The price of improved land in most parts of the country is much lower than can be accounted for by the quantity of waste land at market, and can only be fully explained by that want of private and public confidence, which are so alarmingly prevalent among all ranks and which have a direct tendency to depreciate property of every kind.
Is private credit the friend and patron of industry? That most useful kind which relates to borrowing and lending is reduced within the narrowest limits, and this still more from an opinion of insecurity than from the scarcity of money.
To shorten an enumeration of particulars which can afford neither pleasure nor instruction it may in general be demanded, what indication is there of national disorder, poverty and insignificance that could befal a community so peculiarly blessed with natural advantages as we are, which does not form a part of the dark catalogue of our public misfortunes?
This is the melancholy situation, to which we have been brought by those very maxims and councils, which would now deter us from adopting the proposed constitution; and which not content with having conducted us to the brink of a precipice, seem resolved to plunge us into the abyss, that awaits us below.
Here, my Countrymen, impelled by every motive that ought to influence an enlightened people, let us make a firm stand for our safety, our tranquillity, our dignity, our reputation. Let us at last break the fatal charm which has too long seduced us from the paths of felicity and prosperity.
It is true, as has been before observed, that facts too stubborn to be resisted have produced a species of general assent to the abstract proposition that there exist material defects in our national system; but the usefulness of the concession, on the part of the old adversaries of foederal measures, is destroyed by a strenuous opposition to a remedy, upon the only principles, that can give it a chance of success.
While they admit that the Government of the United States is destitute of energy; they contend against conferring upon it those powers which are requisite to supply that energy:Summary. This section contains eight essays, Chapters 15–22, centered on the theme that the United States could not long survive if the country continued to be governed under the Articles of Confederation, and emphasizing the point that the crisis was imminent and necessitated immediate action against "impending anarchy.".
The Federalist (later known as The Federalist Papers) is a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pseudonym "Publius" to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution.
In the Federalist paper No. 15, Alexander Hamilton argues that a stronger central government is needed. He believes that without a strong central government we will not hold the country together politically and economically.
The Federalist, No. 15 Alexander Hamilton Essay. In the Federalist paper No - The Federalist, No. 15 Alexander Hamilton Essay introduction. 15, Alexander Hamilton argues that a stronger central government is needed.
He believes that without a strong central government we will not hold the country together politically and economically. “The Federalist No. 15, [1 December ],” Founders Online, National Archives, last modified June 13, , heartoftexashop.com [Original source: The Papers of Alexander Hamilton, vol.
4, January – May , ed. Harold C. Syrett. The Federalist, No.
15 Alexander Hamilton. In the Federalist paper No - The Federalist, No. 15 Alexander Hamilton introduction. 15, Alexander Hamilton argues that a stronger central government is needed. He believes that without a strong central government we will not hold the country together politically and economically.